From time to time, sundry samples of leaves and twigs are brought to the nursery, some for identification, others for the identification of those pests that have eaten them, or fungi that have infested them. Evergreens retain their leaves for many more months than deciduous plants and therefore accumulate more evidence of damage. On many species, these old leaves will drop as young fresh ones appear. Do not, therefore, be over concerned about the tatty appearance of these older leaves. The majority of damage sustained on these old leaves occurred many months ago and the assailants have long since vanished. Its worth digging out an old magnifying glass, or better still a 10 or 20X hand lens, or for the real enthusiast a USB microscope to have a really good look. Use your magnifier to have a good look at Skmmias and Holly flowers, out now. Plants with well developed stamens are male, stigmas female and both, likely hermaphrodite.